home
Great Advice, toll-free! USA: 1-800-207-2453
Australia: 1-800-101-319  U.K.: 020-300-20906  Skype: divethereef.com

 
COMPANIES
EMAIL US
ABOUT US
MY ITINERARY

Australia

HOME  |  DIVING TRIPS  |  ADVENTURE TRIPS  |  LODGING|  LOCAL INFO

Scuba Diving

Reef Trips
Learn to Dive
Adventure Trips
Lodging
Reef News
Local Info
Galleries
Maps
Companies
Contact Us



More Reports
Wondering what reef conditions are like at a certain time of year? Look at previous Reef Reports to get an idea.
Select the date that you wish to see a report for.


Reef Report for Thursday, March 6, 2008

Increasing Carbon Dioxide Levels Connected with Lowered Coral Growth Rates.
One more reason to reduce your Carbon footprint.

We have been following the discussion of the connection between increased levels of Carbon Dioxide in our atmosphere and increasing acidity of the worldís oceans for some time now, but a news article published today connected increased ocean acidity with decreased coral growth rates. © Great Barrier Reef Enterprises Given our interest in coral reefs worldwide, that prompted the writing of this piece.

The first part of the story is basic chemistry. No one has ever disputed the fact that increased levels of carbon dioxide in our atmosphere increased the amount of carbon dioxide that naturally dissolves into our oceans. Itís been estimated that 118 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide has been absorbed by our oceans between 1800 and 1994, and millions of metric tons more since 1994.

Carbon dioxide, when dissolved in water forms a weak acid. The more carbon dioxide that gets dissolved, the more acidic the ocean becomes; thatís been a measurable change over the past 50 years.

For a long time scientists have discussed the possible impacts on increasing ocean acidity on marine life, and much of that focus has been on corals and other organisms that use Calcium Carbonate to build the hard parts of their bodies, for instance the hard skeletal parts of coral. Carbonate and calcium are both dissolved in ocean water. Corals and other animals remove carbonate and calcium from the ocean, then combine them into calcium carbonate, which forms the hard structural parts in their bodies.

Scientists theorized that increasing acidity could decrease the ability of these organisms to remove carbonate from ocean water, but until recently have not been able to demonstrate that this was happening.

Dr. Janice Lough, a scientist with the Australian Institute of Marine Science, has just published the first research showing this connection. In her study comparing growth rates in a long-lived coral species found on the Great Barrier Reef, she learned that the current growth rates of these corals is 20% less than the historical average.

Obviously much work needs to be done to more completely understand whatís happening, but anything causing such a decrease is cause for concern and further investigation.

Personally, Iíd add that itís also a reason to look at how our personal activities may be contributing to the problem. Any change in your life that decreases the amount of fossil fuel that you use would be part of any long term solution to the problem.

This afternoon I am headed into town 15km away to take part in a sports competition, Iíll be doing that by bicycle, (the official and only DiveTheReef.com car is a bike!); why not consider leaving your car at home?

Brisbane Courier Mail coverage of this story. .

Background information on Professor Lough, who performed this research. .

Ocean Acidification, from the Australian Institute of Marine Science .

More background information on ocean acidification..

(C) DiveTheReef The weekly reef report is written by Joel Groberg of DiveTheReef.com, who compiles them from the many conversations he has with dive staff in the area, as well as† many other local sources in the dive community.

Index of all reef reports.

Copyright © Great Barrier Reef Enterprises

Scuba Vacation

Dive The Reef
Toll Free USA: 1-800-207-2453
Toll Free Australia: 1-800-101-319
Toll Free UK: 020-300-20906
Local USA: 805-275-1801
Skype: divethereef.com
FAX: 775-806-4289

Images: Copyright
Great Barrier Reef Enterprises,
Pro Dive Cairns, Great Barrier Reef Enterprises

Webmaster: webmaster@divethereef.com
Information: information@divethereef.com
Companies: business@divethereef.com
Travel Agents: affiliates@divethereef.com

Unless credited otherwise,
the contents of this web site are copyrighted
Copyright © 1999 - 2017 DTR Services, LLC,
all rights reserved.

 The information on this website may inadvertently contain inaccuracies and/or typographical errors.
All information should be verified at the time of booking.
Dive The Reef reserves the right to update/correct any information at any time.